運動玩得耐,就算唔係專家,大家都會發覺,唔同運動,會有唔同姿勢(Posture)。唔同運動會因應唔同需求,有少少特化。例如足球人,好多時有單邊膝內翻(Genu Valgus);游水人關節活動幅度會大啲;攀石人,前臂肌肉較發達,但腳會較少肌肉;投球手嘅膞頭,外旋幅度會增加,內旋會相對減少。但運動特徵,並唔係一定要任由佢出現㗎。好似做GYM咁,好多人會覺得係大大舊,唔靈活,仲要寒背,條腰椎仲要拗哂(Lumbar Hyperlordosis)。但實情係,你練得唔好囉。唔直接答你,用例子嚟答你。

美國嘅大學,就搵咗一班有最少四年健力(Powerlifting)經驗或比賽嘅人,同對照組比較,檢查佢地嘅姿勢,以及肌肉力比例(Muscle Strength Ratio)。

結果發現,雖然,佢哋推:拉力量比例較高 (powerlifting 2.57, control 1.78),屈膝:伸膝力量亦較高(powerlifting 0.61, control 0.5),但出乎意料地,同control比較,powerlifter並冇明顯 寒背、盤骨前傾(Anterior Pelvic Tilt)或者拗腰骨(Lumbar Hyperlordosis)。只有胸小肌長度較短。咁你又可能會話,係咁啱執著呢15個好啲。都可能係,因為之前有其他研究,會發現weightlifter 或者bodybuilder,一般會有較少上肢活動幅度;而上肢活動幅度,以及較短嘅胸小肌,係會同寒背有關係。所以我一般會對唔同運動人,有唔同建議,而健力或健身人,好明顯,留意多少少上肢嘅柔軟度啦。

不過掉返轉咁睇,即係上述嘅一堆唔好野,其實唔係一定存在,(好好好)可能係可以練得平衝好多囉。

 

Reference:

  1. Barlow JC, Benjamin BW, Birt P, Hughes CJ. Shoulder strength and range-of-motion characteristics in bodybuilders. J Strength Cond Res. 2002;16(3):367–72.
  2. Chang DE, Buschbacher LP, Edlich RF. Limited joint mobility in power lifters. Am J Sports Med. 1988;16(3):280–4.
  3. KOLBER MJ, BEEKHUIZEN KS, CHENG M-SS, HELLMAN MA. SHOULDER JOINT AND MUSCLE CHARACTERISTICS IN THE RECREATIONAL WEIGHT TRAINING POPULATION. J Strength Cond Res. 2009;23(1):148–57.
  4. Cutrufello PT., Gadomski SJ., Ratamess NA. An Evaluation of Agonist: Antagonist Strength Ratios and Posture Among Powerlifters. Strength Cond Res J. 2017;31(2):298–304.

⭐️⭐️⭐️⭐️⭐️⭐️⭐️⭐️⭐️⭐️⭐️⭐️⭐️⭐️

Sportential 運動潛能資訊  再睇多啲!

⭐️⭐️⭐️⭐️⭐️⭐️⭐️⭐️⭐️⭐️⭐️⭐️⭐️⭐️

廣告